What Is The Difference Between Meningitis And Meningitis B Vaccine What are the reasons not to get the meningitis vaccine?

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What Is The Difference Between Meningitis And Meningitis B Vaccine

Having a meningitis vaccine is safe and includes minimal side effects or risks. However, there may be situations where a person should not get it or delay their vaccination.The meningitis vaccine protects a person against infections that can cause life threatening diseases or permanent disability. According to the National Meningitis Association (NMA), around 600–1,000 in the United States people contract meningococcal disease, which is a type of bacterial meningitis, each year, and 10–15% of these people die as a result.According to the NMA, the number of people with meningococcal disease has dropped significantly over the years because more people have had meningitis vaccines. Despite this, 1 in 5 teens in the U.S. remains unprotected.This article explores the meningitis vaccine, who it is for, and its risks and possible side effects.Learn more about the meningitis vaccine here.The meningococcal vaccine, also called the meningitis vaccine, protects against the Neisseria meningitides bacteria. This bacteria has six types: A, B, C, W, X, and Y. Serogroups are another name for these subgroups.When bacteria invade the body, they can infect the bloodstream and cause sepsis. It can also infect the meninges, the tissue surrounding the brain and spinal cord, causing meningitis.Meningococcal meningitis is a severe and life threatening condition that can cause death within hours. Other types of meningitis can still cause adverse health outcomes but may be much less severe.According to the World Health Organization (WHO), around 1 in 10 people with bacterial meningitis die, while 1 in 5 people have long-term complications, including hearing loss and intellectual disabilities.Two types of meningitis vaccines are available in the U.S.: Meningococcal conjugate (MenACWY) and Meningococcal B (MenB). The former vaccine protects against meningococcal bacteria types A, C, W, and Y. The latter protects against meningococcal bacteria type B.Both vaccinations effectively protect people against the different strains of the bacteria causing meningitis.While anyone can get meningococcal disease, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) indicate that babies under 1 year and people aged 16—23 years are most likely to contract it. Learn about the effects of meningitis here.According to the CDC, people with certain health conditions should not have certain vaccination or wait until their doctor advises them it is safe to do so. These include those who:had a life threatening reaction to a previous meningitis vaccination dosehave a severe allergy to any ingredient in the vaccinehave moderate-to-severe illness are pregnant or breastfeeding People with mild illnesses, such as a cold, can have the vaccination. Similarly, pregnant or breastfeeding people at an increased risk of having meningococcal disease may get these vaccines.Learn about the possible long-term effects of meningitis here.The CDC recommends that people have a vaccination against meningitis. Guidelines suggest that all children receive the MenACWY vaccine at 11–12 and the booster at 16. The preferred age to have the MenB vaccine is between 16–18, but people up to 23 years can also benefit from vaccination.However, everyone at higher risk of contracting meningococcal disease should get the vaccine. These include people who:have complement component deficiency, a rare immune disorderare taking complement inhibitors, such as Ultomirishave a damaged spleen or removed spleenhave sickle cell diseasehave HIVlive in an area with a high burden of disease, such as sub-Saharan Africawill travel to countries where the disease is common or has a meningococcal disease outbreakLearn more about getting meningitis here.Babies and childrenInfants as young as 2 months old can have the vaccination if they are at risk of getting the disease. Specifically, they may receive the MenACWY vaccine between 2 months and 10 years old and the MenB vaccine for children 10 years and older.Parents and caregivers of babies and children may consider talking with their doctors to discuss when and if the vaccination is appropriate.Learn more about meningitis in newborns here.Preteens & teensHealthcare experts recommend the MenACWY vaccine for preteens ages 11–12, a booster when they turn 16, and teens ages 11–18 if they are not vaccinated.Learn more about meningitis in children here.Adults Aside from the reasons mentioned above, certain conditions place adults at a higher risk of contracting meningococcal disease. These include being:a microbiologist exposed to the bacterianot up to date with their vaccinationsa first-year college student who will live in a residence halla military recruitLearn more about meningitis in adults here.A person may get the vaccine from local health centers, pharmacies, community health clinics, private clinics, health departments, and community locations, such as schools and religious centers.Under the provisions of the Affordable Care Act, Health Insurance Marketplace plans and most private insurance plans cover the meningococcal vaccine, as well as several other vaccines. Learn more about the Affordable Care Act here.Meningitis and bloodstream infection are severe conditions that may cause lifelong disability or death.Vaccinations offer protection, especially in individuals at an increased risk of getting the disease. The meningitis vaccine has very few side effects. Anyone who thinks they might be at high risk of getting the disease should consult their doctors about getting a vaccine for themselves or their children.

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Video about What Is The Difference Between Meningitis And Meningitis B Vaccine

Meningococcus Vaccine – Why Do College Students Need It?

Meningococcus can cause meningitis (inflammation of the lining of the brain) or sepsis (an infection of the bloodstream). The consequences of infection are often immediate and devastating. About 15 of every 100 people infected with meningococcus die within hours of becoming ill.

Watch this video to learn about meningococcus and why college students should get the meningococcal vaccine.

Learn more about meningococcus and the vaccine at
http://www.chop.edu/service/vaccine-education-center/a-look-at-each-vaccine/meningococcus-vaccine.html.

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