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In 3 To 5 Sentences Describe Proper Ergonomic Keyboarding Techniques
Adopting the correct sitting position is essential for maintaining good posture and a healthy back and spine. Most people can improve their sitting posture by following a few simple guidelines.Sitting with a straight back and shoulders can help prevent common complaints, such as lower back pain and a stiff neck. Many people spend most of their day sitting down, as they tend to sit when commuting, working in an office, and studying or relaxing at home. Prolonged sitting can cause various adverse health effects, including the misalignment of the musculoskeletal system, balance issues, impaired digestion, and reduced flexibility. In this article, we look at good posture and explain the correct sitting position to achieve it, particularly when working at a computer.Good posture means that the key parts of a person’s body are correctly aligned, with the right amount of support from muscle tension.Correct posture can help by:reducing strain on the body during movement and exercisereducing wear and tear on the joints, muscles, and ligamentsmaintaining balance while moving and exercisingreducing the risk of muscle strain and overuse conditionsimproving spine healthThe authors of a 2019 article in the Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy state that “correct” posture may look different for different people. A comfortable posture for one person may be uncomfortable for someone else, so it is important to try out different sitting and standing postures.Learn more about muscle strain.People usually adopt a sitting posture subconsciously when focusing on other things. A person’s sitting posture depends partly on the sort of equipment they use, which may include:office chairarmchairergonomic chairstoolbeanbagcar seatTypes of sitting posture include:upright, with or without lumbar supportone knee crossed over the otherankles crossed hunched forwardslumped backwardkneelingcross-leggedslouching to one sideperched on the edge of the seatThe best sitting position depends on a person’s height, the chair they use, and the activity they are doing while sitting.A person can improve their posture and achieve a proper sitting position by:keeping the feet flat or resting them on the floor or a footrestavoiding crossing the knees or anklesmaintaining a small gap between the back of the knees and the chairpositioning the knees at the same height or slightly lower than the hipsplacing the ankles in front of the kneesrelaxing the shoulderskeeping the forearms and knees parallel to the floor where possibleholding the elbows at the sides, creating an L-shape in the armssitting up straight and looking forward without straining the neckkeeping the back against the chair or using a backrest or cushion if there are places where the back does not comfortably meet the chair, especially in the lower back regionavoiding sitting for extended periods, ideally taking at least a 10-minute break for every hour of sittingswitching positions regularlyPeople who have to sit for extended periods at a desk because of their work or schooling need to take extra precautions to maintain a healthy posture and back.When working at a computer for long periods, a person can help improve their sitting posture by:keeping the monitor at arm’s length and no more than 2 inches above the natural line of sightcustomizing workspaces — for example, adding footrests, wrist pads, or backrestsusing a standing desk to alternate between sitting and standingusing an ergonomic chair, a yoga ball, or a knee chairtrying out different keyboard and mouse typesusing a headset for long calls or dictating to reduce neck strainpositioning the keyboard and mouse close together to avoid reachinggetting up and moving around occasionally, especially when experiencing any muscle or joint painsitting up straight and looking directly forward when reading mobile screens or monitorsOnce in the correct position, a person can try doing a mental check every 10–15 minutes to see whether the posture has altered. They can make any necessary adjustments to restore their posture.It is possible to improve posture with time, awareness, and commitment. The time it takes to see benefits depends on how consistently a person focuses on improving their posture and what their posture is like at the start.Once a person has improved their posture, they will need to work at maintaining it. They may often have to remind themselves to recognize unhealthy positions and correct them.Learn about ways to fix rounded shoulders or “mom posture.”Anything that causes a misuse or overuse of specific muscles, ligaments, or tendons can adversely affect a person’s posture and back health. Certain positions, especially some sitting positions, are worse than others for overworking or misusing postural tissues.A person can minimize the risk of bad posture and back health by avoiding:sitting slumped to one side with the spine bentkeeping the knees, ankles, or arms crosseddangling or not properly supporting the feetsitting for a long time in one positionstraining the neck for long periods while looking at a monitor, telephone screen, or documentsitting for an extended period without taking a breakThe Canadian Center for Occupational Health and Safety also recommends that people avoid:sitting with the head tilted forward to prevent neck injury having the arms raised while working to help prevent shoulder and neck painhaving an unsupported lumbar, which is the lower part of the spine between the ribs and pelvissitting with bent wrists to help prevent muscle cramps having unsupported forearms to help prevent back and shoulder painsitting with the thighs squashed under a table, which impairs blood circulation sitting in a position that does not fully support the backPracticing good sitting habits is only one way to help improve posture and back health.Every postural position and movement that the body makes involves or affects the muscles, tendons, and ligaments that help support posture. Some lifestyle factors that may not seem directly related to posture are crucial to overall postural health.Everyday tips for a healthy posture and back include:exercising for at least 30 minutes three times a week, focusing on a mix of stretching, strengthening, and aerobic activitieslifting heavy objects by bending the legs rather than using the backkeeping heavy loads close to the body when lifting or carrying themadjusting the seat when driving to support the back without straining and to allow the knees to bendplacing lumbar support cushions on seats, including car seats, thus reducing lower back strainwearing comfortable, supportive, or orthopedic shoes when standing for long periods walking with a straight spine and trying to avoid slumping or leaningswinging the arms briskly and evenly when walking, jogging, or runningkeeping baby carriers at a level higher than the hips with stroller handles at bellybutton levelalternating sides when carrying a baby for a prolonged periodbuilding up key muscle groups when away from the computer by doing squats, lunges, jumping jacks, shoulder shrugs, and pushupsLearn about exercises and tips to improve posture here.Many people spend long periods sitting down. Sitting incorrectly, especially at a desk, can be bad for back health and posture.However, by knowing what a good sitting posture looks like and following a few simple rules, most people can learn how to self-correct and thus achieve good posture.Making additional lifestyle changes, such as exercising regularly and taking movement breaks throughout the day, can also help.
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Typing: Ergonomics, Posture, and Seating
Learn about ergonomic principles, posture, and seating for proper touch typing technique. Additional information available at TypingTraining.com.
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